A reverse merger is when a private company acquires a public company, effectively bypassing the lengthy process of going public.
A reverse merger is a type of transaction where a private company merges with a public company that is often a shell company, with the private company becoming the surviving entity and the public company essentially disappearing. The private company then takes on the public company's stock listing and is able to access public markets without going through the traditional initial public offering (IPO) process.
A traditional merger is when two public companies merge together, with one company becoming a subsidiary of the other, and both companies' stock listings are usually retained.
To go through a reverse merger process, a private company will typically find a public shell company that is willing to merge with them. This can be done through an investment banker or a merger and acquisition attorney. The private company will then have to disclose financial information and go through a due diligence process to ensure that the public company's shareholders are aware of the risks and benefits of the merger.
One of the benefits of a reverse merger for a private company is that it allows them to access public markets without going through the lengthy and expensive process of an IPO. It also allows the private company to raise capital more easily and potentially increase its visibility and credibility in the market.
The risks include the potential for fraud or other legal issues with the public shell company, as well as the potential for a decrease in the private company's control over its operations and decision making. Additionally, a reverse merger can lead to a decrease in the valuation of the private company as a result of the merger.
The main difference between a reverse merger and an IPO is that an IPO is a process where a private company goes public for the first time and issues new shares to the public, while a reverse merger is a process where a private company merges with a public company and takes on the public company's stock listing. An IPO can also be more expensive and time-consuming than a reverse merger.